Abstracts of the Articles / Résumés des articles

Nº 20

TANAKA-ISHII, Kumiko and Yuichiro ISHII: "'Being' and 'Doing' as Ontological Constructs in Object-Oriented Programming"

In this article the authors argue that an ontology based either upon 'being' or 'doing' will emerge, depending on which aspect of Peirce's triadic model of the sign is emphasized: the object or the interpretant. Their argument is based on an analysis of two types of ontology used in object-oriented computer programming: namely, the class and the abstract data type. Among their findings is the observation that the programming ontology is determined by the object-types defined, rather than the inverse.      [Article in English]

KOLAROVA, Vassilena: "The Interartistic Phenomenon as an Intermedial Structure in the Arts"

In this study of the interartistic phenomenon the author chronologically follows the development of the definitions related to this notion, and while arranging them, takes into account their significance for the germination of this interartistic vision, connected to the emblematic personality of Julia Kristeva, and whose chief definition is intertextuality. She also refers to the works of Gerard Genette and examine the definition of transtextuality introduced by him, which he terms as literature of second degree and which by content is closer to the concept of interartistic phenomenon. Intertextuality correlates to a very wide stream of philosophical thought during the entire Twentieth Century, as a prelude dating from ancient times.      [Article in English]

DUPUY, Lionel: "Inter et intrasémioticité dans l'oeuvre de Jules Verne"

Numerous studies and analyses have treated the phenomenon of intertextuality in the works of Jules Verne. Fewer, however, have approached the subject from a point of view that is appropriately rich for the Vernian exegesis: the analysis of the illustrations and other images, particularly those present in the Voyages Extraordinaires. Here we are no longer dealing with simple intertextuality, but rather, with an intersemioticity or even an intrasemioticity, when the references denote aspects of the work itself.     [Article in French]

BLUMENFELD, François: "Beyond Illustration: Text-image Relationsips in Dante and Rodin"

In this paper, the author considers the relations between literature and sculpture, and in particular the similarities and differences in the conveyance of a meaning or emotion through the two media. He suggests that despite differences in conception as well as in medium, the artistic image can be conveyed to the reader or to the viewer through what can be analysed as rhetorical forms. In other words, while paying attention to the considerable differences in the conception of the artistic act from Dante to Rodin, he attempts to analyse both text and sculpture in terms of the construction of an image, conceived of as the impression made on the reader/viewer by the interaction of rhetorical figures. Two different levels are explored: thematic (the construction of ambiguity through an incomplete narrative), and technical, through the study of ekphrasis (the illusion of visual movement in both literature and sculpture through the use of rhetorical constraints on the reader/viewer).      [Article in English]

AS/SA Nº20 (2008.02.19)   ISSN 1204-6150

Editors/Rédacteurs : Pascal G. Michelucci & Peter G. Marteinson
University of Toronto

© 2008 AS/SA

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