Abstracts of the Articles / Résumés des articles

Nº 23


Christos ZAGKOS et al.: "Banknotes as Figures of Nationhood in the Balkans"

Money is the foundation of any national economy, but also the mark of national sovereignty, reflecting the state which issues it. Its symbolic role is one of its essential characteristics, and the name of the currency its salient feature. Policymakers recognize that currencies can act as important carriers of nationalist imagery, particularly if its supply is monopolized. Money would indeed seem a perfect locus on which a state can construct an ‘ordinary nationalism’ that is all the more powerful for being part of the seemingly unremarkable fabric of daily life. In this paper, using a semiotic methodology, we shall analyse the symbols of the state produced banknotes of Albania, Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, in an attempt to read the underlying meanings of the symbolisms selected by each state, in the geographical area of Balkans that is synonymous with nationalism, since the foundation of the modern nation-states on the region.      [Article in English]

Lydie IBO: "Seuils, Limites et Quantification de la Monstruosité"

A reflection about threshold, limits and quantification in an excerpt from Théophraste’s Caractères opens up new perspectives for their understanding. In fact, the corpus deals with judgments passed on « Un vilain homme » by three actors. The perceptive activity is linked to the deployment of simulacra, which exist thanks to thresholds and limits. Thus quantification expresses one of their modes of functioning, which is the object of our investigation. As a result, the perceptive activity of the protagonists shows a binary opposition beautiful/ugly, which reinforces the pertinence of the problematic of monstrosity on several points. First of all, the functioning of thresholds and limits is linked to aspectuality, modalities, intensity and extensivity. Second, thresholds and limits overlap at times and are erased at other times. Finally, these passionate configurations created by inherent simulacrum of monstrosity are revealed by moralization, limits and thresholds of discrimination and relativity. KEYWORDS : Moralization; observer ; quantification ; simulacrum ; tensive exponent ; threshold ; value.      [Article in French]

Daniel REYNOLDS: "Esthetics of the Extreme in Shock Websites"

“Shock” websites, which confront their viewers with unexpected and unpleasant material, came into existence in the early history of the World Wide Web. The content of these websites—usually pictures or animations grotesquely depicting sexual or violent scenes—is often complemented by coding that frustrates users’ ability to navigate away from the pages. The increasing cultural visibility of shock sites such as Goatse and 2girls1cup invites investigation of their signifying processes. While the material depicted is semantically shocking, the form of these websites administers a syntactic shock in the form of a sudden loss of volition, disrupting an Internet user’s assumptions about the organization of information on the Web and preying on expectations about the Internet’s navigability. Keywords: shock websites, Internet syntax, initial experience, transitivization.      [Article in English]

AS/SA Nº23 (2009.08.29)   ISSN 1204-6150

Editors/Rédacteurs : Pascal G. Michelucci & Peter G. Marteinson
University of Toronto

© 2009 AS/SA, Peter Marteinson

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