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Un mensuel canadien écrivait il y a quelque temps :
« Historians have long insisted that love itself was a cultural invention, an emotion first conceived by the courtly poets of Europe some 800 years ago and subsequently passed on to Europe's idle rich. In time, went this thinking, the idea of romantic love percolated to the lower classes, who in turn carried it to colonies far and wide. Such views dovetailed nicely with modern anthropological thought. [...] Most anthopologists believed that human behaviour was shaped largely by culture. Children, they noted, were as impressionable as clay. "It's a view that there is basically no human nature," says David Buss, a professor of psychology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, "that humans are simply a product of their environment."
Over the past two decades, however, serious cracks have appeared in those theoretical walls. Influenced by Charles Darwin, a small but vocal group of social scientists now suggests that natural selection, not culture, has shaped certain key human behaviours. Over hundred of thousands of years, they theorize, evolution has moulded not only anatomy but the human psyche itself, favouring certain social behaviours, certain states of mind, that promote survival and reproductive success. In other words, biology lies just beneath the surface of much human psychology. Could our romances, they ask, be guided by certain evolved mechanisms ? »
Heather Pringle, « The Way we Woo », Equinox, n 72 (nov-déc 1993), p. 74.
La demoiselle par la
Créé le 28 juillet 1996